THE Marine Conservation Society is calling on the Scottish Government to introduce a new levy on plastic drinking straws after shock new figures revealed a dramatic rise in litter across the nation’s beaches.
They are also calling for charges to be introduced on plastic cups, lids, stirrers and cutlery.
It comes as evidence shows charging for plastic bags has seen a huge improvement on their impact to the environment.
Food and drinks litter account for up to 20% of all rubbish found on beaches, the marine charity said.
The Marine Conservation Society (MCS) runs the annual Great British Beach Clean every September and it’s the UK’s largest and most influential beach clean-up and survey where all items found are recorded according to an internationally agreed methodology.
In Scotland, their findings found beach litter rose by 6% in 2017 compared with 2016.The country also had the fourth highest litter density for a third year in a row.
Some 1,588 volunteers collected a total of 57,961 litter items from 111 beaches – an average of 490 pieces of litter from every 100 metres cleaned.
Litter classed by MCS as ‘on the go’ items made up 17% of all litter found on Scottish beaches and 64% of all litter that comes from the public. That means 83 pieces of ‘on the go ‘ litter were found on average per 100m of beaches cleaned and surveyed.
The charity categorises drinks cups, plastic cutlery, foil wrappers, straws, sandwich packets, lolly sticks, plastic bottles, drinks cans, glass bottles, plastic cups, lids and stirrers as ‘on the go’ litter.
The charity now says it’s time for a levy on single-use items that are handed over, free of charge, in their millions when we’re eating and drinking out and about. It suggests the levy should be imposed on such items as straws, cups, lids, stirrers and cutlery and at each home nation level since environmental levies are a devolved matter.
Catherine Gemmell, MCS Scotland Conservation Officer, said: “Scotland’s 5p single-use carrier bag charge has made a massive difference to the number of plastic bags entering our seas, combined with similar charges elsewhere in the UK, and we believe we will see a similar impact on bottles and cans when Scotland’s Deposit Return System is implemented.
“If a levy was placed on single use plastic such as straws, stirrers, cutlery, cups and cup lids, we’re confident that we’d find fewer of these items on Scotland’s beaches.”
The general rise in litter is overshadowed in Scotland by the staggering figures when it comes to sewage related debris (SRD) – that’s the stuff people are putting down the loo when really they should be putting it in a bin.
SRD went up 40% on Scottish beaches compared to 2016 with wet wipes – where there’s much confusion over labelling of what can and can’t be flushed – increasing by 141%.
The figures from the event, that took place between the 15th – 18th September, revealed that 21% of all Scottish beach litter is from bathrooms, compared to 8% in the rest of the UK.
Gemmell added: “No one wants to swim with a flushed wet wipe or make a sand castle out of cotton bud sticks – we can all make a difference for our seas and beaches both for society and wildlife.
“We need everyone to only flush the 3 P’s down the loo – pee, poo and paper – that’s all! Everything else needs to go in the bin so it doesn’t end up on our beautiful beaches. We also need continued investment to fix unsatisfactory Combined Sewer Overflows (CSOs)”.
Zero Waste Scotland Chief Executive, Iain Gulland, said the government had to investigate what more could be done.
He said: “It’s awful that our beautiful beaches are being spoiled by litter, so we welcome the hard work of Marine Conservation Society volunteers in helping to expose the shocking extent of the problem.
“We know that most marine litter starts on land – it’s things that are carelessly discarded that then get into water courses, polluting our rivers and seas. So we need to urgently change our ways.
“That’s why the Scottish Government’s plan to introduce a deposit return system for drinks containers, building on the successful carrier bag charge, as well as investigating wider measures to tackle a throwaway society are so vital.
“Our vision is for a circular economy, where we eliminate waste by making things last. Re-usable alternatives to single-use items already exist, whether for bags, bottles, cups, straws, or food packaging, so we can all make a difference today by starting to say ‘no’ to single use.”
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